I know that what I am about to say is akin to pedagogical blaspheme but hear me out. Being "data-driven" is starting to drive us nuts! There...I said it. First there was an emphasis on data-driven decision-making, which is a necessary component of effective schooling. As we began to delve into "data-driven instruction" and "data-driven testing," the slippery slope we were on should have become apparent. Last week, the phrase "data-driven results" stopped me in my tracks. I mean, what does that mean? A careful look reveals that the phrase is either redundant -because data is the result upon which we base our actions- or it is hypocritical because -if we recognize that a single data point is not synonymic to a result- we should approach formative assessment data much differently. At that moment I knew that "data-driven" had joined the long list of industry buzzwords that no longer holds much meaning and certainly gives no clear indication about how to fix our failing schools. So here are some alternatives.
WHAT ABOUT BUILDING "DATA-FRIENDLY" CULTURES...
A few years ago an administrator sat down to review the baseline assessment data from each of my two English language arts classes with me. The September screening revealed that only 8% of the students in one class was proficient and just thirty percent of my accelerated class was proficient. The administrator asked if I was concerned by these results. My response was that I was aware of the data but not concerned by it. I produced my own copy of the report complete with scribbles, hand-drawn graphs, and a detailed plan centered around seven groups of students. I knew just where my students were and where they were going. Not only did the administrator accept this response, she seemed pleased. Her goal was really to make sure that I was responsive to the data. She initiated an open-ended conversation and allowed me to describe my plan to meet our common goals. Because we had built a relationship of trust and communication, my initial reaction was one of optimism and ownership rather than fear.
Fear of the potential consequences of poor results is not an effective motivator for educators or students. An environment that places educators at odds with data activates the fight or flight response. The natural teacher response to this kind of environment is to be combative towards administrators, to be dismissive of data, and to be reluctant to teach tested subjects. We witness the consequences of misunderstanding and misusing data when schools succeed only in driving students to drop out while teachers and talented administrators opt to leave the profession.
OR "DATA-FORAGING" FOR INFORMED DECISION-MAKING...
Successful organizations know that every bit of information gives them an edge as long as they know how to use it. They rely on the ability of their employees to process the volume, variety, and velocity of data necessary to make informed decisions and adhere to current best practices. School and district administrators should provide training that empowers educators to routinely and easily dig-in when presented with data. Equipping teachers with basic data-intelligence skills like visualizing, interpolating, and extrapolating data allows them to ask smarter questions and get better results. This involves searching for patterns and trends that filter through the volume of data to clearly point the way forward. In this way, schools and organizations can begin to be more intentional in setting goals for teachers who are also more receptive to evaluation.
It is equally important to give thought to the variety of data that schools collect. While schools are beginning to embrace different formative and summative assessments of learning, some still struggle to use assessments for learning or as learning. But being data-driven should mean more than just measuring student achievement. It is impossible to be data-driven while choosing to ignore other metrics that matter. Educators have access to a wealth of available data about the factors that influence student achievement. Data from researchers shows the importance of parent and community engagement. Collecting data from teacher surveys reveals barriers to learning such as constant interruptions or maintenance issues. Even acheivement data should be examined as a measure of the efficiency of the programs schools purchase and to set criteria for the educational materials being used. The culture of accountability only works if every person who is a part of a system is accountable for their role within it. Think of education as a bed of nails. When the weight of educating our children is shared by all stakeholders from administrative assistants to custodians, each person can easily handle their fair share of pressure. Ultimately, being responsive to every piece of available data helps organizations fine tune the service to its customers.